Threats to Water Access
The challenges to accessing clean water in Palestine are numerous. In addition to natural threats like drought and climate change, Palestinians face political and economic barriers to accessing the water they need for drinking, bathing, cooking and cleaning.
Occupation and blockade limit Palestine water resources, and the over-pumping of wells depletes the fresh water supply while polluting what’s left. At the same time, old treatment facilities aren’t able to effectively treat water, and deteriorating pipes and pumping stations keep water from reaching homes, schools, hospitals and businesses.
Connecting Palestinians to the Water They Need
ANERA addresses the issue from every angle to help ensure Palestinians have access to water when they need it.
In the West Bank, we build water collection ponds and cisterns to maximize available fresh water. We identify the most isolated communities – including those in Area C – and repair and extend water pipelines to cut losses that occur due to old, corroded pipes. We also work with farmers to reduce their consumption of clean water, since irrigation accounts for up to 70% of water usage.
In Gaza, we focus on repairing small desalination stations, building reservoirs and pumping stations and replacing leaking pipes. Networks blocked with asbestos or rust are replaced with new materials. We train workers in system maintenance so that these solutions are sustainable for years to come. Since pollution caused by raw sewage limits access to clean water in Palestine, we also build and repair sewage and sanitation systems.